Monthly Archives: May 2015

#6 – Raga Hindolam – Podcast

The Raga Hindolam podcast features musical snippets of Sudha Raghunathan, Pandit Bhimsen Joshi and film songs from May Madham and Baiju Bawra.

If you want to read a blog post on raga Hindolam you can find it here

Classical roots of top 10 Hindi movie songs of the 1960s

Here’s my pick of top ten Hindi film songs from the 1960s and the classical ragas behind these songs.

1.Chaudhvin Ka Chand – The gentle melody sung by Mohammed Rafi in the 1960 hit movie Chaudhvin Ka Chand is based on raag Pahadi.

Here’s a classic rendition of raag Pahadi by legendary flautist Pandit Hariprasad Chaurasia.

2.Madhuban Mein Radhika Nache Re – The song by Mohammed Rafi in the 1960 hit movie Kohinoor is based on raag Hamir Kalyan.

Here’s a beautiful song in raag Hameer by Pandit D.V.Paluskar.

3.Pyaar Kiya To Darna Kya – The song sung by Lata Mangeshkar in the 1960 hit movie Mughal -e- Azam begins with raag Darbari (where only the taan is heard) and then moves onto the song which is based on raag Durga.

Here is a khayal sung by Pandit Bhimsen Joshi in raag Durga.

4. Aap Yun Hi Agar – This duet sung by Mohammed Rafi and Asha Bhonsale in the 1962 movie Ek Musafir Ek Hasina is based on raag Kedar.

Here’s a classic rendition of raag Kedar by Rajan and Sajan Mishra.

5.Bol Radha Bol Sangam – This song by Mukesh in the 1964 movie Sangam is based on raag Bhairavi.

Here is a classic rendition of the raag by Pandit Bhimsen Joshi.

6. Sayonara Sayonara – This song by Lata Mangeshkar in the 1966 movie Love in Tokyo is based on raag Bhoop.

Here is a rendition of raag Bhoop by Pandit Mallikarjun Mansur

7.Aji Rootkar Kar Ab Kahan Jaiyega – The song by Lata Mangeshkar in 1965 hit movie Arzoo is based on raag Desh.

Here is a beautiful rendition of raag Desh by Ustad Vilayat Khan on the sitar.

8. Abhi Na Jao Chodkar – The song by Mohammed Rafi and Asha Bhonsale in the 1961 movie Hum Dono is based on raag Yaman Kalyan.

Here is a classic rendition of raag Yaman Kalyan by Pandit Ravi Shankar

9.Aap Ki Nazro Ne Samjha – This song sung by Lata Mangeshkar in the 1962 movie Anpadh is based on raag Darbari Kannada.

Here is a khayal in this raag by Pandit Jasraj.

10.Ae Mere Joharjabi – This song by Manna Dey in the movie 1965 Waqt is based on raag Pilu.

Here is a classic rendition of raag Pilu on the sarod by Ustad Amjad Ali Khan.

Playlist for my top 10 Hindi movie songs of the 60s.

What are your top 10 picks? Do share with me.







An unusual Tyagaraja composition

Enduko Nirdaya, a composition of Tyagaraja in raga Harikambodhi is a unique composition. There are five charanams to the song and each charanam is sung in a different manner. Usually when there are multiple charanams in a song, they would have similar pattern of notes or sangatis. But in this song, each charanam stands out for its own sangati and are different from one another.

The song describes a devotee’s yearning for the grace of Lord Rama. Here is a lovely rendition of the song by the Alathur Brothers. The raga alapana that precedes the song is soul-stirring.

Hindolam – Raga Ruminations

Saraswathi is the goddess of learning. She is pictured as the one who holds a veena in her hand. For musicians the goddess holds a special place in their hearts. Ma Mavadhu Shree Saraswathi, a composition of Mysore Vasudevacharya in raga Hindolam is one of the earliest kritis or songs that Carnatic students learn. Raga Hindolam has a simple pentatonic scale and is popular with both musicians and rasikas. Here is a rendition of the raga and the song by Sudha Raghunathan.

Tyagaraja has composed several gems in this raga including Samajavaragamana and Manasuloni. Dikshithar’s Neerajakshi Kamakshi is a slow moving song that savours the fine features of this melody. Here is a rendition of Neerajakshi Kamakshi by stalwart Musiri Subramanya Iyer.

Raga Hindolam corresponds to Raag Malkauns in Hindustani music. Here is a rendition of raag Malkauns by Pandit Bhimsen Joshi.

This raga made an easy transition to the silver screen. AR Rahman came up with this lilting number Margazhi Poove for the Tamil movie May Maadham.

Baiju Bawra was a movie about a classical musician’s life and the song Man Tarpat Hai Hari Darshan in the movie by Mohammed Rafi tuned by Naushad is a classic Malkauns. The bhajan reflects the yearning of a devotee who is waiting for a glimpse of Lord Krishna.

For those who want details, raga Hindolam is considered either a derivative of 20th Melakartha raga Natabhairavi or the 8th Melakartha raga Hanumathodi owing to its structure and the scale reads as follows. SG2M1D1N2 SN2D1M1G2


#5 – Raga Harikambodhi – Podcast

The Harikambodhi Podcast features musical snippets of Ariyakudi Ramanuja Iyengar, Pandit Ravi Shankar, Mehdi Hassan and film songs from Roja and Chemmeen.

If you want to read a blog post on raga Harikambodhi you can find it here.